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Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann (Polish-born Danish painter) 1819 - 1881

Anna Maria Elisabeth Lisinska Jerichau-Baumann was born in Poland, educated in Germany, married to a Dane and she became an integrated part of Danish cultural life while being an active portrait artist and painter of lives in Europe and in the near East. Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann's family fled Poland because of war. In her younger years, she lived in Germany and trained in Munich. Subsequently, she travelled to Rome where many artists from all over Europe came to get to know each other. She met her husband, sculptor Jens Adolf Jerichau there. They married and moved to Denmark in 1847, and over the following 15 years she gave birth to nine children. She kept her strongly international focus and for long periods of her life she lived in Rome and travelled much. In many ways, she was a role model able to break barriers and create connections between the otherwise irreconcilable challenges of women in contemporary society. In addition to her artistic talent, she was good at promoting herself and a running a business. Her life was as varied and all-encompassing as her choice of motives - and vice versa. She was a close friend of the poet H.C. Andersen. The mermaid as a motive was common to the two artists - she painted it several times. H.C. Andersen wrote the fairytale and read it to Mrs. Baumann and her children before making it public. Travelling was another common passion - in a century where travels through Europe happened by horse or coach. Through Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann's paintings, we can recall memories of life in former generations with rich and poor, nationalists and internationally oriented people. Denmark has many important works from her hand in museums and in private collections. Many fine examples of her work can also be found in other countries, where she herself once moved easily across borders. Source: Wikipedia * * * Jens Adolf Jerichau (Danish sculptor) 1816 - 1883 Emil Jens Baumann Adolf Jerichau (17 April 1816 – 25 July 1883) was a Danish sculptor. He belonged to the generation immediately after Bertel Thorvaldsen, for whom he worked briefly in Rome, but gradually moved away from the static Neoclassicism he inherited from him and towards a more dynamic and realistic style.He was a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and its director from 1857 to 1863. Jens Adolf Jerichau was born on 17 April 1816 in Assens on the Danish island of Funen to grocer and lieutenant Carl Christian Jerichau and his wife Karen Birch. He worked in a painter's apprenticeship for one and a half years before traveling to Copenhagen where he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in 1831. He was accepted into the model school in 1833 and continued to the painting school, at the same time studying privately with Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, after winning both silver medals. Then in 1836 he started sculpting with Hermann Ernst Freund After graduating from the Academy in 1837, Jerichau traveled to Rome where he initially worked for around a year in Bertel Thorvaldsen's studio. He established his calling through a bas-relief on a frieze in the royal palace Christiansborg in Copenhagen, depicting the marriage of Alexander the Great to Roxane. His early works such as the sculpture Hercules and Hebe (1846, original model in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek)as well as his colossal Christ figure from 1849 are in a strong Neoclassical style which bear clear testament to Thorvaldsen With his sculpture group Penelope (1845–46, Danish National Gallery), which won international acclaim, he moved away from the static Neoclassicism and towards a more dramatic and dynamic style. He created also formed depictions of nature, such as The Panther Hunter. As a result of a commission from the Princess of Prussia, he produced a depiction of the resurrection of Christ. He died on 25 July 1883. A number of his most famous works were damaged or ruined in a fire in the Christiansborg Palace in 1884. Jerichau married the painter Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann and they had 9 children; Source: Wikipedia * * * Harald Jerichau (Danish painter) 1851 - 1878 Harald Jerichau was a son of the artist couple Jens Adolf Jerichau and Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann. He received his first training in Copenhagen from Frederik Christian Lund and Eiler Rasmussen Eilersen. He then went to Rome to Jean-Achille Benouville of the French Academy, and studied in nature as a landscape painter. Since 1870, he painted views of the surroundings of Rome. In 1869, 1872 and 1874 he traveled through Greece, Asia and Turkey. In 1874 he married the Silesian Maria Kutzner, who died in 1876 in Naples, which hurt him a lot. Later, Jerichau lived mostly in Rome, where he probably died on March 6, 1878 from typhoid or malaria. Source: Wikipedia * * * Holger H. Jerichau (Danish painter) 1861 - 1900 Holger Hvidtfeldt Jerichau (April 29, 1861 in Copenhagen - December 25, 1900 at the same place) was a Danish landscape painter, brother of Harald Jerichau and father of the painter J.A. Jerichau. Holger H. Jerichau was the son of J.A. Jerichau and Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann and as a young man was put into merchant doctrine in Germany and Italy, but interrupted the trade education. Instead, he was initially taught by his mother, later abroad, without, however, attending any school. From 1884 he exhibited landscapes painted over Italian motifs. He lived most of his life abroad, in Italy, southern Russia and the Orient (1893-94 in India). During a stay in Denmark 1885-86, however, he painted some Danish landscapes, especially from the area around Hørsholm. An example of Holger Jerichau's art, A farmer waters the horses. Holger Jerichau's art was superficial and aimed at hitting the tastes of the wider audience. His world of motifs is taken from all the countries of the world that he visited and whose folk life and landscapes he portrayed. However, the choice of motifs is often banal and the color scheme variegated and sweet. The artist left behind a large production, of which the youth workers, autumn and winter pictures from Denmark, are the most valuable. Holger H. Jerichau died 25-26. December 1900 and is buried at Hørsholm Cemetery.

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