Wladyslaw Chmielinski (1911-1979) was born in Warsaw and studied at the Academy of Fine Arts between 1926 and 1931. His preferred media were oil and watercolor, which he used for his earliest works dating from the years 1935 to 1938. His central motif was Polish architecture, which he discovered, for instance, in Sandomierz or Krakow. He also painted interiors of historic churches and palaces such as the Royal Castle in Warsaw. Another part of his oeuvre includes rural scenes, which he usually decorated with sleighs, toboggan scenes or folk festivals. From 1967 to 1969 he was repeatedly active in Denmark, but continuously lived and worked in Warsaw.