Traquair was noted for her role in the Arts and Crafts movement in Scotland, as an illustrator, painter and embroiderer. Phoebe Traquair was born Phoebe Anna Moss in County Dublin, and married the Scottish palaeontologist Ramsay Heatley Traquair on 5 June 1873. The family moved to Edinburgh, and some of her work was palaeontological drawing related to her husband's research. Phoebe is buried with her husband, and the ashes of her son Harry Moss Traquair, in Colinton Parish Church Graveyard. She designed the gravestone.